Instrumen Pengkajian Spiritual Care Pasien Dalam Pelayanan Paliatif: Literature Review



Yodang Yodang(1*), Nuridah Nuridah(2)

(1) School of Nursing, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka
(2) School of Nursing, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Spiritual services for patients in health services are important. Spiritual care is one of the basic domains in the efforts of quality palliative care services. Its began when hospice services were developed into palliative services. Palliative care is a form of service aimed at patients suffering from advanced-stage of chronic disease both in life-threatening and life-limiting conditions, and in the patient's family and preparing patients near death to die with dignity. Palliative care is also a service that focuses on efforts to improve the quality of life of patients and families through comprehensive care that includes bio-psycho-social-cultural and spiritual. The purpose of this review literature is to identify spiritual assessment instruments for palliative patients. This review literature reviews scientific articles through searches in several journal databases such as CINAHL, Google Scholar, Proquest, PUBMED, and Science Direct. Some spiritual assessment methods that can be used in palliative patients are the FICA, FAITH, SPIRIT, ETHNIC (S), HOPE, and Ars Moriendi Model methods. Based on this review literature it can be concluded that the provision of spiritual care services is an important aspect of nursing, especially in palliative care services. The use of instruments for assessing the patient's spiritual is very helpful in exploring the value of the patient's faith and beliefs about life in a healthy and sick range.

Pelayanan spiritual pada pasien dilayanan kesehatan merupakan hal penting. Perawatan spiritual merupakan salah satu domain dasar dalam upaya pelayanan perawatan paliatif yang berkualitas. Hal tersebut dimulai sejak pelayanan hospis dikembangkan menjadi pelayanan paliatif. Perawatan paliatif merupakan suatu bentuk pelayanan yang ditujukan pada pasien yang menderita penyakit kronis stadium lanjut baik sifatnya mengancam jiwa maupun yang membatasi kehidupan, dan pada keluarga pasien serta mempersiapkan pasien menjelang kematian sehingga meninggal secara bermartabat. Perawatan paliatif juga merupakan suatu layanan yang berfokus pada upaya peningkatan kualitas hidup pasien dan keluarga melalui perawatan komprehensif yang mencakup bio-psiko-sosial-budaya dan spiritual. Tujuan literatur review ini untuk mengidentifikasi instrumen pengkajian spiritual pada pasien paliatif. Literatur review ini menelaah artikel ilmiah melalui penelusuran di beberapa jurnal basis seperti CINAHL, Google Scholar, Proquest, PUBMED, dan Science Direct. Beberapa metode pengkajian spiritual yang dapat digunakan pada pasien paliatif yaitu metode FICA, FAITH, SPIRIT, ETHNIC(S), HOPE, dan Ars Moriendi Model. Berdasarkan literatur revie ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian layanan perawatan spiritual merupakan aspek penting dalam keperawatan terutama di pelayanan perawatan paliatif. Penggunaan instrumen pengkajian terkait spiritual pasien sangat membantu dalam mengeksplorasi nilai keyakinan dan kepercayaan pasien baik mengenai kehidupannya dalam rentang sehat dan sakitnya.


Keywords


Instrumen; Pengkajian Spiritual; Perawatan Paliatif

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