Uji Potensi Ekstrak Metanol Kacang Tujuh terhadap Bakteri ISPA (S.pneumoniae dan S.aureus)



Shantrya Dhelly Susanty(1*), Harry Ade Saputra(2)

(1) Universitas Fort De Kock
(2) Universitas Fort De Kock
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Pneumonia is the major causes of death among children under 5 years. The tradisional medicines such as seven-leaves water has be used as a substitute for antibiotics traditionally. It is expected to reduce the side effects of antibiotics and prevent antibiotic resistance. This research aims to study the effects of the methanolic extract of seven-leaves beans leaves against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus bacteria growth. This study was an experimental laboratory research with posttest-only comparison group design. The independent variable was seven-leaves beans leaves extract and the dependent variable were bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus. The data were analyzed by the normality and homogenity test . After that, bivariate test One Way ANOVA ( with post-hoc lsd ) or Kruskal-Wallis had been used . One Way ANOVA ( post hoc LSD ) variables S. aureus obtained  that p value 0,00 ( < 0,05 ). Kruskal-Wallis variables S. pneumoniae obtained  that p value 0,00 ( < 0,05 ). T Independent test variables Inhibition zone obtained  that p value 0,00 ( < 0,05 ).

 

Pneumonia masih merupakan penyakit utama kematian pada balita. Pemanfaatan tanaman obat tradisional air kacang tujuh sebagai alternatif pengganti penggunaan antibiotika, diharapkan dapat menurunkan resisten bakteri terhadap antibiotika serta efek sampingnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan Untuk mengetahui efektifitas ekstrak metanol daun kacang tujuh helai daun dalam menghambat pertumbuhan bakteri Streptococcus pneumoniae dan Staphylococcus aureus. Penelitian ini bersifat eksperimental dengan desain posttest-only comparison group. Variabel bebas adalah ekstrak Daun kacang tujuh dan variabel terpengaruh adalah bakteri Streptococcus pneumoniae dan Staphylococcus aureus. Data hasil penelitian di uji normalitas dan homogenitasnya. Setelah itu dilakukan analisa bivariat untuk melihat nilai signifikansi antar variabel. Hasil uji One Way ANOVA (Post Hoc LSD) variabel S. aureus diperoleh nilai p value 0,00 (<0,05). Hasil Uji Kruskal-Wallis variabel S. pneumoniae diperoleh nilai p value 0,00 (<0,05), Dan hasil uji T Independen variabel Zona Hambat diperoleh nilai p value  0,00 (<0,05).


Keywords


ARI; Pneumonia; Seven leaves beans; Statistical test

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