Pengaruh Supervisi Model Reflektif Interaktif Terhadap Perilaku Penerapan Kewaspadaan Standar Perawat



Wilda Rahmadani(1*), Rizanda Mahmud(2), Jafril Jafril(3)

(1) Universitas Andalas
(2) Universitas Andalas
(3) Universitas Andalas
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


 

Perilaku kewaspadaan standar yang tidak adekuat dapat menimbulkan resikoinfeksi bagi petugas kesehatan termasuk perawat. Oleh karena itu, perlu diterapkan metode supervisi yang tepat untuk meningkatkan kepatuhan perawat terhadap penerapan kewaspadaan standar di rumah sakit.Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk melihat pengaruh supervisi model reflektif interaktif  terhadap perilaku penerapan kewaspadaan standar perawat di Rumah Sakit Pendidikan Universitas Andalas. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain quasi  eksperimen pre test post test with control group.Jumlah sampel pada kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol masing-masing sebanyak 44 perawat dengan menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Data dianalisis menggunakan dependent t-test. Hasil penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa terdapat perbedaan nilai rata-rata perilaku penerapan kewaspadaan standar pada kelompok intervensi sebelum dan sesudah pemberian supervise reflektif interaktif sebesar 34 (mean pretest = 150.84; mean posttest = 184.84, p value = 0.000). Artinya ada pengaruh pemberian supervise reflektif interaktif terhadap peningkatan perilaku penerapan kewaspadaan standar perawat. Pemberian supervisi reflektif interaktif diharapakan membantu mencegah resiko infeksi kepada perawat di Rumah Sakit Pendidikan Universitas Andalas.

 

Inadequate universal precautionary behavior can pose a risk of infection for health workers including nurses. Therefore, appropriate supervision methods need to be applied to improve nurses' adherence to the application of universal precautions in hospitals. The research aims to determine the effect of supervising interactive reflective models on the behavior of nurses' universal precaution at Andalas University Education Hospital. This study uses a quasi-experimental design pre-test post-test with control group. The number of samples in the intervention group and the control group were 44 nurses each using simple random sampling technique. Data were analyzed using dependent t-test. The results of this study prove that there are differences in the mean value of the behavior of the application of universal precautions in the intervention group before and after the provision of interactive reflective supervision of 34 (mean pretest = 150.84; mean posttest = 184.84, p value = 0.000). This means that there is an influence of providing interactive reflective supervision on improving the behavior of nurses' universal precautions. Providing interactive reflective supervision is expected to help prevent the risk of infection to nurses at Andalas University Education Hospital.

 

 

 

 


Keywords


Keywords : interactive reflective supervision ; standard awareness

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