Dampak Pandemi COVID-19 terhadap Perekonomian Indonesia

Dito Aditia Darma Nasution(1*), Erlina Erlina(2), Iskandar Muda(3)

(1) Universitas Pembangunan Panca Budi
(2) Universitas Sumatera Utara
(3) Universitas Sumatera Utara
(*) Corresponding Author


This study aims to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Indonesian economy. Until this research was written, 93 countries were found infected with COVID-19. The spread of COVID-19 which had spread eventually brought very bad risks to the world economy, including Indonesia, especially in terms of tourism, trade and investment. The method used in this research is descriptive quantitative method that uses an approach called secondary data analysis, which is a research methodology that uses secondary data as the main data source. Based on the results of the study, Indonesia is currently still in a stable economic situation. Strategic steps related to fiscal and monetary are also estimated to still have room to provide economic stimulus if needed. However, as the COVID-19 pandemic case developed, the market did fluctuate more in the negative direction. Not only that, the slow pace of Indonesia's export activities to China will also have a significant impact on the economy in Indonesia.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak pandemi COVID-19 terhadap perekonomian Indonesia. Hingga penelitian ini ditulis ditemukan 93 negara yang telah terjangkit COVID-19. Pandemi COVID-19 yang telah menyebar pada akhirnya membawa risiko yang sangat buruk bagi perekonomian dunia termasuk Indonesia khususnya dari sisi pariwisata, perdagangan serta investasi. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kuantitatif deskriptif dengan menggunakan pendekatan analisis data sekunder. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, dampak pandemi COVID-19 menyebabkan rendahnya sentimen investor terhadap pasar yang pada akhirnya membawa pasar ke arah cenderung negatif. Langkah-langkah strategis terkait fiskal dan moneter sangat dibutuhkan untuk memberikan rangsangan ekonomi. Seiring berkembangnya kasus pandemi COVID-19, pasar lebih berfluktuasi ke arah yang negatif. Tidak hanya itu saja, lambatnya ekonomi global khususnya kegiatan ekspor Indonesia ke China juga berdampak signifikan terhadap perekonomian Indonesia. Hal tersebut berdasarkan analisis sensitivitas yang menjelaskan bahwa lambatnya ekonomi global saat ini sangat berdampak terhadap pertumbuhan perekonomian Indonesia.


COVID-19 pandemic; economy of Indonesia; tourism; commerce; investment

Full Text:



Akhmad, Romadhoni, B., Karim, K., Tajibu, M. J., & Syukur, M. (2019). The Impact of Fuel Oil Price Fluctuations on Indonesia’s Macro Economic Condition. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 9(2), 277–282. https://doi.org/10.32479/ijeep.7470

Block, D. (2017). Political Economy in Applied Linguistics Research. In Language Teaching (Vol. 50). https://doi.org/10.1017/S0261444816000288

Carrillo-Larco, R. M., & Castillo-Cara, M. (2020). Using Country-Level Variables to Classify Countries According to The Number of Confirmed COVID-19 Cases: An Unsupervised Machine Learning Approach. Wellcome Open Research, Maret(31), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15819.1

Ghozali, I. (2011). Aplikasi analisis multivariate dengan program IBM SPSS 19. In Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang.

Ghozali, I. (2016). Statistik Non-Parametrik: Teori dan Aplikasi dengan Program SPSS. In Universitas Diponegoro. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD002812

Hinrichs, U., Carpendale, S., Knudsen, S., & Thudt, A. (2017). Analyzing qualitative data. Proceedings of the 2017 ACM International Conference on Interactive Surfaces and Spaces, ISS 2017. https://doi.org/10.1145/3132272.3135087

Hua, J., & Shaw, R. (2020). Corona Virus (COVID-19) “Infodemic” and Emerging Issues through a Data Lens: The Case of China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(7), 2309. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072309

Iswahyudi, H. (2016). Back to Oil: Indonesia Economic Growth After Asian Financial Crisis. Economic Journal of Emerging Markets, 8(1), 25–44. https://doi.org/10.20885/ejem.vol8.iss1.art3

Iswahyudi, H. (2018). Do Tax Structures Affect Indonesia’s Economic Growth? Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business, 33(3), 216–242.

Kickbusch, I., Leung, G. M., Bhutta, Z. A., Matsoso, M. P., Ihekweazu, C., & Abbasi, K. (2020). Covid-19: How a Virus is Turning The World Upside Down. Bmj, 1336(April), m1336. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1336

Kirigia, J. M., & Muthuri, R. N. D. K. (2020). The Fiscal Value of Human Lives Lost From Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) in China. BMC Research Notes, 13(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05044-y

Liu, W., Yue, X.-G., & Tchounwou, P. B. (2020). Response to the COVID-19 Epidemic: The Chinese Experience and Implications for Other Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(7), 2304. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072304

McNabb, D. E. (2017). Fundamentals of Quantitative Research. In Research Methods for Public Administration and Nonprofit Management (Fourth edi, pp. 111–121). https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315181158-9

Minakshi. (2017). Applications of Mathematics in Various Economic Fields. Research Journal of Science and Technology, 9(1), 175. https://doi.org/10.5958/2349-2988.2017.00029.8

Moen, K., & Middelthon, A. L. (2015). Qualitative Research Methods. In Research in Medical and Biological Sciences: From Planning and Preparation to Grant Application and Publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-799943-2.00010-

Pepinsky, T. B., & Wihardja, M. M. (2011). Decentralization and Economic Performance in Indonesia. Journal of East Asian Studies, 11(3), 337–371. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1598240800007372

Rusydiana, A. S., Laila, N., & Sudana. (2019). Efisiensi dan Produktivitas Industri Perbankan pada Sistem Moneter Ganda di Indonesia. Jurnal Siasat Bisnis, 23(1), 50–66. https://doi.org/10.20885/jsb.vol23.iss1.art5

Saidi, L., Adam, P., Saenong, Z., & Balaka, M. Y. (2017). The Effect of Stock Prices and Exchange Rates on Economic Growth in Indonesia. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 7(3), 527–533.

Spagnuolo, G., De Vito, D., Rengo, S., & Tatullo, M. (2020). COVID-19 Outbreak: An Overview on Dentistry. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(6), 3–6. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062094

Sugarda, P. P., & Rifky, W. M. (2017). Strengthening Indonesia’s Economic Resilience through Regulatory Reforms in Banking, Investment and Competition Law. Journal of Economic & Management Perspectives, 11(3), 1093–1103.

Sugiyono. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. In cv Alfabeta.

Wibowo, A., & Handika, R. F. (2017). The Strategy of The Banking Industry in Indonesia: Following Institutional Theory or Resource-Based View? Jurnal Siasat Bisnis, 21(2), 131–141. https://doi.org/10.20885/jsb.vol21.iss2.art3

Yang, L., & Ren, Y. (2020). Moral Obligation, Public Leadership, and Collective Action for Epidemic Prevention and Control: Evidence from the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Emergency. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082731


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Dito Aditia Darma Nasution, Erlina Erlina, Iskandar Muda

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Benefita has been migrated to the new website. To make a new submission in Jurnal Benefita, you can easily go to new webstie link HERE and register.


Published by LLDIKTI Wilayah X

Khatib Sulaiman Street Padang
West Sumatera, Indonesia
Phone: +62751705637
Fax: +62751705637
Email: [email protected]

E ISSN 2477-7862